St. Xaviers College (Autonomous) Kolkata

Aviskaar : A Xaverian Journal Research

Multidisciplinary Annual Journal of St. Xavier's College (Autonomous), Kolkata

ISSN (Print) : 2277-8411     ISSN (Online) : 2278-1048

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Publication Ethics

Ethical Policy

Authors must be honest in presenting their results and conclusions of their research. Research misconduct is harmful for knowledge. It could mislead other researchers. Almost every step in the publishing process involves important ethical principles. Having clear statements on these issues can encourage responsible publication practices.

Clear guidelines on submission of the work:

The first page must bear What type of content is or is not acceptable for publication For example: In these cases, the author is expected to give full disclosure for transparency reasons, but it could also be necessary for the author to seek approval from the original publisher. It should also be noted that different disciplines have different expectations. There are no universally agreed rules or regulations.

There may arise two distinct situations: serious scientific fraud or errors. Errors could be due to negligence (for example statistical errors) or honest errors which are part of the normal course of doing research. It is therefore important to treat potential cases with care as academic careers could be at risk.

Steps to follow when encountering possible misconduct: Research results

Fabrication, falsification or selective reporting of data with the intent to mislead or deceive is unethical, as is the theft of data or research results from others. The results of research should be recorded and maintained to allow for analysis and review. Following publication, the data should be retained for a reasonable period and made available upon request. Exceptions may be appropriate in certain circumstances in order to preserve privacy, to assure patent protection, or for similar reasons.


All those who have made a significant contribution should be given chance to be cited as authors. Other individuals who have contributed to the work should be acknowledged. Articles should include a full list of the current institutional affiliations of all authors, both academic and corporate.

Plagiarism Checking

** Similarity score of submitted manuscript as per UGC Guidelines mentioned below


Similarity checks for exclusion from Plagiarism

  1. All quoted work reproduced with all necessary permission and/or attribution.
  2. All references, bibliography, table of content, preface and acknowledgements.
  3. All generic terms, laws, standard symbols and standards equations.


The research work carried out by the student, faculty, researcher and staff shall be based on original ideas, which shall include abstract, summary, hypothesis, observations, results, conclusions and recommendations only and shall not have any similarities. It shall exclude a common knowledge or coincidental terms, up to fourteen (14) consecutive words.

Levels of Plagiarism

Plagiarism would be quantified into following levels in ascending order of severity for the purpose of its definition:
  1. Level 0: Similarities up to 10% - Minor similarities, no penalty
  2. Level 1: Similarities above 10% to 40%
  3. Level 2: Similarities above 40% to 60%
  4. Level 3: Similarities above 60%

Reproducing text from other papers without properly crediting the source (plagiarism) or producing many papers with almost the same content by the same authors (self-plagiarism) is not acceptable. Submitting the same results to more than one journal concurrently is unethical. Exceptions are the review articles. Authors may not present results obtained by others as if they were their own. Authors should acknowledge the work of others used in their research and cite publications that have influenced the direction and course of their study.

One of the most common types of publication misconduct is plagiarism– when one author deliberately uses another’s work without permission, credit, or acknowledgment. Plagiarism takes different forms, from literal copying to paraphrasing some else are work and can include: Plagiarism has varying different levels of severity, such as: When it comes to your work, always remember that crediting the work of others (including your advisor’s or your own previous work) is a critical part of the process. You should always place your work in the context of the advancement of the field, and acknowledge the findings of others on which you have built your research.

Duplicate submission

Simultaneous submissions of the same manuscript to different journals will not be tolerated. The submitted article will be removed without consideration.

Literal Copying is reproducing a work word for word, in whole or in part, without permission and acknowledgment of the original source. Literal copying is only acceptable if you reference the source and put quotation marks around the copied text. Substantial Copying can include research materials, processes, tables, or equipment. ‘Substantial’ can be defined as both quantity and quality of what was copied. If your work captures the essence of another’s work, it should be cited. Paraphrasing is reproducing someone else’s ideas while not copying word for word, without permission and acknowledgment of the original source. Paraphrasing is only acceptable if you properly reference the source and make sure that you do not change the meaning intended by the source. Text Recycling is reproducing portions of an author’s own work in a paper, and resubmitting it for publication as an entirely new paper. When in doubt, always consult with your professor, advisor, or someone in a position of authority who can guide you to the right course of action.

Corrections and retractions

All authors have an obligation to inform and cooperate with journal editors to provide prompt retractions or correction of errors in published works. The author list is incorrect (i.e. a deserving author has been omitted or somebody who does not meet authorship criteria has been included).

Sr. Xavier's College (Autonomous), Kolkata
30, Mother Teresa Sarani, Kolkata - 700016